As a preceptor, you are the primary teacher of the resident during their residency with you. Being a good teacher requires that you:
After completing this module, you will be able to:
Good teachers are always prepared. Preparation in advance of the resident's arrival will help foster a positive learning environment for the resident, and make the environment more conducive to clinical teaching.
There are five key areas to prepare:
Read "Preparing Your Office" by Practical Prof, for recommendations on how to prepare in each of these areas.
The resident is also an adult, and therefore, adult-learning principles should be applied when teaching. Adult learning theory (andragogy) is based on the premise that adults learn differently than children. The following table (adapted from Preceptor Learning Program) outlines key concepts in adult learning theory as they pertain to clinical teaching of residents:
Being able to ask good questions will help foster learning opportunities for your resident. Effective questions can help you:
Four key characters of effective question asking techniques are to:
Read "Effective Questioning" by Practical Prof, for a description of the different levels of questioning and examples.
For additional information on the topics presented in this module see:
What did you like most about the module?
How could the module be improved?
Which idea(s) from this module may have the greatest impact on your clinical teaching?
Department of Family Medicine
University of Ottawa
43 Bruyère Street (Floor 3JB)
Canada K1N 5C8
Faculty Development and Curriculum Coordinator
Tel: 613-562-6335 ext. 1211